Functions and Roles of Representative Bodies in the State Administration System (Critical Analysis of the Journey of Democracy in Indonesia)

  • December 1, 2023
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Representative Council; Democracy; Constitutional Law


Indonesia's long history of democracy certainly impacts the existence of representative institutions in Indonesia. Indonesia has several representative bodies that are present as the democratic system in Indonesia develops. Representative bodies in Indonesia consist of institutions, namely the Regional Representative Council (DPD) and the People's Representative Council (DPR). Representative bodies have an impact on the sustainability of the state administration system in a country. This, of course also applies in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to find out how the function and role of representative bodies in the Indonesian state administration system  by looking at the journey of democracy in Indonesia. This descriptive qualitative research uses a literature study approach and normative law. The data in this study are secondary data obtained by observing the literature study. This study shows the results that basically, both DPD, DPR, and DPRD have the same function and role, namely the legislative function, budgeting function, and supervisory function. The difference between the three lies in the representation that is shaded and the details of the duties and authorities that arise from these functions. The DPD only emerged after the third amendment to the 1945 Constitution. The existence of the DPR has existed since the Dutch colonial era, although it was abolished during the Japanese colonial period. This study concludes that the fact of a representative council in the Indonesian democratic order is something that has a vital role.