Pengembangan inventori kecanduan internet untuk siswa sekolah menengah atas

Laila Ummi Nadzifah(1), Khairul Bariyyah(2), Devi Permatasari(3),
(1) Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang  Indonesia
(3) Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2020 Laila Ummi Nadzifah

DOI : https://doi.org/10.29210/02020494

Full Text:    Language : id

Abstract


This study aims to develop an inventory suitable for counselors to use to measure students' internet addiction. This research method is a development research. The number of samples was 302 students at senior high school Malang City who were selected by using the Random Sampling technique. The inventory was compiled using the Internet addiction Likert scale and the validator test score sheet. Data analysis using Pearson Product Moment to calculate the validity of the item, Alpha Cronbach to calculate the reliability coefficient and factor analysis to determine the adequacy of the sample or the feasibility of all inventory statement items. The results of this development research resulted in an internet addiction inventory consisting of 43 valid statement items and had a high reliability coefficient of 0.933. This internet addiction inventory has 6 correlated factors, according to the internet addiction construct based on Young's theory which underlies the development of inventory. This inventory is needed by counselors to measure internet addiction in students.

Keywords


inventory, internet addiction, students of senior high school

References


Adiarsi, G. R., Stellarosa, Y., & Silaban, M. W. (2015). Literasi media internet di kalangan mahasiswa. Humaniora, 6(4), 470-482.

Amaliya, L. (2017). Pengaruh penggunaan media sosial instagram, teman sebaya dan status sosial ekonomi orangtua terhadap perilaku konsumtif siswa (Studi Kasus Pada Siswa Kelas XI SMA Negeri 1 Semarang). Economic EducationAnalysis Journal, 6(3), 835-842.

Anshari, M., Almunawar, M. N., Shahrill, M., Wicaksono, D. K., & Huda, M. (2017). Smartphones usage in the classrooms: Learning aid or interference? Education and Information technologies, 22(6), 3063-3079.

Ardi, Z., Sukmawati, I., Afdal, A., Rangka, I. B., & Suranata, K. (2018). Exploring the acceptability of internet-based mental health mobile app services using network psychometrics analysis. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series 111(1), 1-6.

Aulya, A., Ilyas, A., & Ifdil, I. (2016). Perbedaan perilaku agresif siswa laki-laki dan siswa perempuan. Jurnal EDUCATIO: Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 2(1), 91-97.

Azwar, S. (2012). Penyusunan skala psikologi edisi II. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Azwar, S. (2016). Reliabilitas Dan Validitas Aitem. Buletin Psikologi, 3(1), 19–26.

Chern, K.-C., & Huang, J.-H. (2018). Internet addiction: Associated with lower health-related quality of life among college students in Taiwan, and in what aspects? Computers in Human Behavior, 84(2018), 460-466.

Cooper, A., Delmonico, D. L., & Burg, R. (2000). Cybersex users, abusers, and compulsives: New findings and implications. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 7(1-2), 5-29.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Amerika Serikat: Sage publications.

Durkee, T., Kaess, M., Carli, V., Parzer, P., Wasserman, C., Floderus, B., et al. (2012). Prevalence of pathological internet use among adolescents in E urope: demographic and social factors. Addiction, 107(12), 2210-2222.

e Silva, M. P. L., de Souza Matos, B. D., da Silva Ezequiel, O., Lucchetti, A. L. G., & Lucchetti, G. (2018). The use of smartphones in different phases of medical school and its relationship to internet addiction and learning approaches. Journal of medical systems, 42(6), 106.

Fauziawati, W. (2015). Upaya Mereduksi Kebiasaan Bermain Game Online Melalui Teknik Diskusi Kelompok. PSIKOPEDAGOGIA Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 4(2), 115-123.

Furst, R. T., Evans, D. N., & Roderick, N. M. (2018). Frequency of college student smartphone use: impact on classroom homework assignments. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science, 3(2), 49-57.

Gezgin, D. M., Cakir, O., & Yildirim, S. (2018). The Relationship between Levels of Nomophobia Prevalence and Internet Addiction among High School Students: The Factors Influencing Nomophobia. International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 4(1), 215-225.

Gunuc, S., & Dogan, A. (2013). The relationships between Turkish adolescents’ Internet addiction, their perceived social support and family activities. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(6), 2197-2207.

Hakim, S. N., & Raj, A. A. (2017). Dampak kecanduan internet (internet addiction) pada remaja. Prosiding Temu Ilmiah Nasional X Ikatan Psikologi Perkembangan Indonesia, 1(2017), 280-284.

Jannah, N., Mudjiran, M., & Nirwana, H. (2015). Hubungan kecanduan game dengan motivasi belajar siswa dan implikasinya terhadap Bimbingan dan Konseling. Konselor, 4(4), 200-207.

Jin, S. W., Jones, T.-V., & Lee, Y. (2019). Does Resilience Mediate the Link between Depression and Internet Addiction among African American University Students? The Journal of Negro Education, 88(2), 114-129.

Jun, S., & Choi, E. (2015). Academic stress and Internet addiction from general strain theory framework. Computers in Human Behavior, 49(2015), 282-287.

Kibona, L., & Mgaya, G. (2015). Smartphones’ effects on academic performance of higher learning students. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, 2(4), 777-784.

Kuss, D. J., Shorter, G. W., van Rooij, A. J., van de Mheen, D., & Griffiths, M. D. (2014). The Internet addiction components model and personality: Establishing construct validity via a nomological network. Computers in Human Behavior, 39(2014), 312-321.

Lin, M.-P., Wu, J. Y.-W., You, J., Chang, K.-M., Hu, W.-H., & Xu, S. (2018). Association between online and offline social support and internet addiction in a representative sample of senior high school students in Taiwan: the mediating role of self-esteem. Computers in Human Behavior, 84(2018), 1-7.

Marifatul Laili, F. (2015). Penerapan Konseling Keluarga untuk mengurangi kecanduan Game online pada siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 21 Surabaya. Jurnal BK UNESA, 5(1), 65-72.

Nahm, F. S. (2016). Nonparametric statistical tests for the continuous data: the basic concept and the practical use. Korean journal of anesthesiology, 69(1), 8.

Nayak, J. K. (2018). Relationship among smartphone usage, addiction, academic performance and the moderating role of gender: A study of higher education students in India. Computers & Education, 123(2018), 164-173.

Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Daniel, L., & Leech, N. L. (2007). Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. Encyclopedia of measurement and statistics, 3, 751-755.

Roman, R., Najera, P., & Lopez, J. (2011). Securing the internet of things. Computer, 44(9), 51-58.

Salicetia, F. (2015). Internet addiction disorder (IAD). Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191(2015), 1372-1376.

Santy, Z. A. W., Bariyyah, K., & Soejanto, L. T. (2019). Pengembangan Inventori Motivasi Belajar Untuk Siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling: Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling, 5(1), 70-75.

Sari, A. P., Ilyas, A., & Ifdil, I. (2017). Tingkat Kecanduan Internet pada Remaja Awal. JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia), 3(2), 110-117.

Shek, D. T., & Yu, L. (2016). Adolescent internet addiction in Hong Kong: prevalence, change, and correlates. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 29(1), S22-S30.

Tang, J., Yu, Y., Du, Y., Ma, Y., Zhang, D., & Wang, J. (2014). Prevalence of internet addiction and its association with stressful life events and psychological symptoms among adolescent internet users. Addictive behaviors, 39(3), 744-747.

Turel, Y., & Toraman, M. (2015). The relationship between Internet addiction and academic success of secondary school students. 20(1), 2.

Young, K. (2017). The evolution of internet addiction disorder. Internet addiction, 11(6), 3-18.

Yücens, B., & Üzer, A. (2018). The relationship between internet addiction, social anxiety, impulsivity, self-esteem, and depression in a sample of Turkish undergraduate medical students. Psychiatry research, 267(2018), 313-318.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) Downloaded : 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Laila Ummi Nadzifah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.