Hubungan daya tahan otot lengan dan percaya diri dengan kemampuan renang 50 meter gaya dada

Tjung Hauw Sin(1),
(1) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2020 Tjung Hauw Sin

DOI : https://doi.org/10.29210/02019498

Full Text:    Language : 

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between endurance of the arm muscles and confidence in the ability to swim 50 meters breaststroke. The population numbered 39 athele and 32 samples were taken using the purposive sampling technique. This type of research uses descriptive correlational. The instruments used were pull-up tests, confidence questionnaires and the ability to swim 50 meters breaststroke. Data analysis uses simple correlation and multiple correlation. The results of the study were significant> 0.05, indicating that: (1) There was a correlation between endurance of the arm muscles and swimming ability of 50 meters breaststroke. (2) There is a relationship of confidence with the ability to swim 50 meters breaststroke. (3) There is a relationship between endurance of the arm muscles and confidence with the ability to swim 50 meters breaststroke. 


Keywords


Arm muscle endurance, confidence, chest style swimming

References


Angeletos, G., Collard, F., & Dellas, H. (2018). Quantifying confidence. Econometrica, 86(5), 1689–1726.

Ashford, B., Biddle, S., & Goudas, M. (1993). Participation in community sports centres: motives and predictors of enjoyment. Journal of Sports Sciences, 11(3), 249–256.

Bakayev, V., & Bolotin, A. (2017). Pedagogical model of children swimming training with the use of method of substitution of hydrogenous locomotion. Proceedings of Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb (8th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology), 763.

Batitusta, M. R., & Supriyono, S. (2019). A Employment Development Survey of NPC Swimming Atlets in Surakarta 2018. ACTIVE: Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation, 8(1), 22–26.

Einfalt, M., Zecha, D., & Lienhart, R. (2018). Activity-conditioned continuous human pose estimation for performance analysis of athletes using the example of swimming. 2018 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 446–455.

Fani, H., Mirlohi, A., Hosseini, H., & Herperst, R. (2018). Swim stroke analytic: Front crawl pulling pose classification. 2018 25th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), 4068–4072.

Fitri, E., Zola, N., & Ifdil, I. (2018). Profil Kepercayaan Diri Remaja serta Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi. JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia), 4(1), 1–5.

Gozali, Y. C. (2018). Konten Review Product Beauty Vlogger dan Minat Beli Mahasiswa (Studi Korelasional Pengaruh Konten Review Product Beauty Vlogger terhadap Minat Beli Mahasiswi FISIP USU).

Heri, Z., Retno, P., & Hasibuan, M. N. (2020). Audio Visual Learning Media Tutorial: Development for Basic Swimming Subject Sports Coaching Education at the Faculty of Sport Science, Medan State University. 1st Unimed International Conference on Sport Science (UnICoSS 2019), 138–140.

Knechtle, B., Nikolaidis, P. T., Rosemann, T., & Rüst, C. A. (2017). Performance trends in 3000 m open-water age group swimmers from 25 to 89 years competing in the FINA World Championships from 1992 to 2014. Research in Sports Medicine, 25(1), 67–77.

Leonard, A. F. C., Zhang, L., Balfour, A. J., Garside, R., Hawkey, P. M., Murray, A. K., Ukoumunne, O. C., & Gaze, W. H. (2018). Exposure to and colonisation by antibiotic-resistant E. coli in UK coastal water users: Environmental surveillance, exposure assessment, and epidemiological study (Beach Bum Survey). Environment International, 114, 326–333.

Maulidin, M., Asmawi, A., & Tangkudung, J. (2019). Regression Analysis of Breaststroke Swim Performance From Physical, Physiological and Energy Parameters. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies, 1(3), 201–207.

McSwiney, F. T., Wardrop, B., Hyde, P. N., Lafountain, R. A., Volek, J. S., & Doyle, L. (2018). Keto-adaptation enhances exercise performance and body composition responses to training in endurance athletes. Metabolism, 81, 25–34.

Miko, F., & Sinulingga, A. (2019). The Active Role Of Fostering The Regional Indonesian National Sports Committee In Badminton. 4th Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2019).

Moskowitz, G. B., & Carter, D. (2018). Confirmation bias and the stereotype of the black athlete. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 36, 139–146.

Nababan, M. B., Dewi, R., & Akhmad, I. (2017). Recreational Sports Coaching of North Sumatera. 2nd Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2017).

Nganguia, H., Pietrzyk, K., & Pak, O. S. (2017). Swimming efficiency in a shear-thinning fluid. Physical Review E, 96(6), 62606.

Osmond, G. (2017). Indigenous sporting pasts: resuscitating Aboriginal swimming history. Australian Aboriginal Studies, 2, 43.

PRAYOGI, M. M., HARTONO, M., & PRAMONO, H. (n.d.). Management Evaluation of the Sepak Takraw Association of Indonesia (PSTI) Administrators in Fostering Sepak Takraw Sport Achievement in Brebes Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Sport Culture and Science, 7(1), 51–62.

Ramos Félix, E., da Silva, H. P., Olstad, B. H., Cabri, J., & Lobato Correia, P. (2019). SwimBIT: A Novel Approach to Stroke Analysis During Swim Training Based on Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS). Sports, 7(11), 238.

Reale, R., Slater, G., Cox, G. R., Dunican, I. C., & Burke, L. M. (2018). The effect of water loading on acute weight loss following fluid restriction in combat sports athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 28(6), 565–573.

Sammoud, S., Nevill, A. M., Negra, Y., Bouguezzi, R., Chaabene, H., & Hachana, Y. (2018). 100-m Breaststroke swimming performance in youth swimmers: the predictive value of Anthropometrics. Pediatric Exercise Science, 30(3), 393–401.

Saputra, W. N. E., & Prasetiawan, H. (2018). Meningkatkan Percaya Diri Siswa melalui Teknik Cognitive Defusion. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 3(1), 14–21.

Sin, T. H. (2017). Tingkat Percaya Diri Atlet Sepak Bola dalam Menghadapi Pertandingan. Jurnal Fokus Konseling, 3(2), 163–174.

Stallman, R. K. (2017). From Swimming Skill to Water Competence: A Paradigm Shift. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, 10(2), 2.

Tator, C. H. (2008). Catastrophic injuries in sports and recreation: causes and prevention: a Canadian study. University of Toronto Press.

Valeriani, F., Protano, C., Vitali, M., & Romano Spica, V. (2017). Swimming attendance during childhood and development of asthma: Meta‐analysis. Pediatrics International, 59(5), 614–621.

Van Houwelingen, J., Roerdink, M., Huibers, A. V, Evers, L. L. W., & Beek, P. J. (2017). Pacing the phasing of leg and arm movements in breaststroke swimming to minimize intra-cyclic velocity fluctuations. PloS One, 12(10).

Victor, B., He, Z., Morgan, S., & Miniutti, D. (2017). Continuous video to simple signals for swimming stroke detection with convolutional neural networks. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, 66–75.

Angeletos, G., Collard, F., & Dellas, H. (2018). Quantifying confidence. Econometrica, 86(5), 1689–1726.

Ashford, B., Biddle, S., & Goudas, M. (1993). Participation in community sports centres: motives and predictors of enjoyment. Journal of Sports Sciences, 11(3), 249–256.

Bakayev, V., & Bolotin, A. (2017). Pedagogical model of children swimming training with the use of method of substitution of hydrogenous locomotion. Proceedings of Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb (8th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology), 763.

Batitusta, M. R., & Supriyono, S. (2019). A Employment Development Survey of NPC Swimming Atlets in Surakarta 2018. ACTIVE: Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation, 8(1), 22–26.

Einfalt, M., Zecha, D., & Lienhart, R. (2018). Activity-conditioned continuous human pose estimation for performance analysis of athletes using the example of swimming. 2018 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 446–455.

Fani, H., Mirlohi, A., Hosseini, H., & Herperst, R. (2018). Swim stroke analytic: Front crawl pulling pose classification. 2018 25th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), 4068–4072.

Fitri, E., Zola, N., & Ifdil, I. (2018). Profil Kepercayaan Diri Remaja serta Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi. JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia), 4(1), 1–5.

Gozali, Y. C. (2018). Konten Review Product Beauty Vlogger dan Minat Beli Mahasiswa (Studi Korelasional Pengaruh Konten Review Product Beauty Vlogger terhadap Minat Beli Mahasiswi FISIP USU).

Heri, Z., Retno, P., & Hasibuan, M. N. (2020). Audio Visual Learning Media Tutorial: Development for Basic Swimming Subject Sports Coaching Education at the Faculty of Sport Science, Medan State University. 1st Unimed International Conference on Sport Science (UnICoSS 2019), 138–140.

Knechtle, B., Nikolaidis, P. T., Rosemann, T., & Rüst, C. A. (2017). Performance trends in 3000 m open-water age group swimmers from 25 to 89 years competing in the FINA World Championships from 1992 to 2014. Research in Sports Medicine, 25(1), 67–77.

Leonard, A. F. C., Zhang, L., Balfour, A. J., Garside, R., Hawkey, P. M., Murray, A. K., Ukoumunne, O. C., & Gaze, W. H. (2018). Exposure to and colonisation by antibiotic-resistant E. coli in UK coastal water users: Environmental surveillance, exposure assessment, and epidemiological study (Beach Bum Survey). Environment International, 114, 326–333.

Maulidin, M., Asmawi, A., & Tangkudung, J. (2019). Regression Analysis of Breaststroke Swim Performance From Physical, Physiological and Energy Parameters. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies, 1(3), 201–207.

McSwiney, F. T., Wardrop, B., Hyde, P. N., Lafountain, R. A., Volek, J. S., & Doyle, L. (2018). Keto-adaptation enhances exercise performance and body composition responses to training in endurance athletes. Metabolism, 81, 25–34.

Miko, F., & Sinulingga, A. (2019). The Active Role Of Fostering The Regional Indonesian National Sports Committee In Badminton. 4th Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2019).

Moskowitz, G. B., & Carter, D. (2018). Confirmation bias and the stereotype of the black athlete. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 36, 139–146.

Nababan, M. B., Dewi, R., & Akhmad, I. (2017). Recreational Sports Coaching of North Sumatera. 2nd Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2017).

Nganguia, H., Pietrzyk, K., & Pak, O. S. (2017). Swimming efficiency in a shear-thinning fluid. Physical Review E, 96(6), 62606.

Osmond, G. (2017). Indigenous sporting pasts: resuscitating Aboriginal swimming history. Australian Aboriginal Studies, 2, 43.

PRAYOGI, M. M., HARTONO, M., & PRAMONO, H. (n.d.). Management Evaluation of the Sepak Takraw Association of Indonesia (PSTI) Administrators in Fostering Sepak Takraw Sport Achievement in Brebes Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Sport Culture and Science, 7(1), 51–62.

Ramos Félix, E., da Silva, H. P., Olstad, B. H., Cabri, J., & Lobato Correia, P. (2019). SwimBIT: A Novel Approach to Stroke Analysis During Swim Training Based on Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS). Sports, 7(11), 238.

Reale, R., Slater, G., Cox, G. R., Dunican, I. C., & Burke, L. M. (2018). The effect of water loading on acute weight loss following fluid restriction in combat sports athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 28(6), 565–573.

Sammoud, S., Nevill, A. M., Negra, Y., Bouguezzi, R., Chaabene, H., & Hachana, Y. (2018). 100-m Breaststroke swimming performance in youth swimmers: the predictive value of Anthropometrics. Pediatric Exercise Science, 30(3), 393–401.

Saputra, W. N. E., & Prasetiawan, H. (2018). Meningkatkan Percaya Diri Siswa melalui Teknik Cognitive Defusion. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 3(1), 14–21.

Sin, T. H. (2017). Tingkat Percaya Diri Atlet Sepak Bola dalam Menghadapi Pertandingan. Jurnal Fokus Konseling, 3(2), 163–174.

Stallman, R. K. (2017). From Swimming Skill to Water Competence: A Paradigm Shift. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, 10(2), 2.

Tator, C. H. (2008). Catastrophic injuries in sports and recreation: causes and prevention: a Canadian study. University of Toronto Press.

Valeriani, F., Protano, C., Vitali, M., & Romano Spica, V. (2017). Swimming attendance during childhood and development of asthma: Meta‐analysis. Pediatrics International, 59(5), 614–621.

Van Houwelingen, J., Roerdink, M., Huibers, A. V, Evers, L. L. W., & Beek, P. J. (2017). Pacing the phasing of leg and arm movements in breaststroke swimming to minimize intra-cyclic velocity fluctuations. PloS One, 12(10).

Victor, B., He, Z., Morgan, S., & Miniutti, D. (2017). Continuous video to simple signals for swimming stroke detection with convolutional neural networks. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, 66–75.


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