A systematic literature review on the effects of bullying at school

Tharishini a/p Mana Mohan(1), Abu Yazid Abu Bakar(2),
(1) Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor  Malaysia
(2) Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor  Malaysia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2021 Tharishini a/p Mana Mohan, Abu Yazid Abu Bakar

DOI : https://doi.org/10.23916/08747011

Full Text:    Language : en


Bullying is a severe problem that is experienced, especially in schools. Children belong to the same social group, but some feel powerful than others and therefore take advantage of them to physically or verbally abuse them. Many institutions are aware, but most cases are not handled because most victims do not report. Therefore, only physical bullying is addressed as the impacts can be easily seen by adults. Various articles were analyzed to illustrate the different effects of bullying on the bully, the victim, and those around. The results demonstrate that bullying results in emotional, physical, and health effects and affects a victim's academic performance.


Dresler-Hawke, E., & Whitehead, D. (2013). The behavioral ecological model as a framework for school-based anti-bullying health promotion interventions. The Journal of School Nursing, 25(3), 195-204.

Evans, C. R., & Smokowski, P. R. (2015). Prosocial bystander behavior in bullying dynamics: Assessing the impact of social capital. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(12), 2289-2307.

Ghani, S. A., Awang, M. M., Ahmad, A. R., Jalal, B., & Bakar, A. Y. A. (2020). Fenomena Buli dan Gangsterisme: Satu Kajian Empirikal. Kuala Lumpur: UPNM Press.

Jan, A., & Husain, S. (2015). Bullying in elementary schools: Its’ causes and effects on students. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(19), 43-56.

Omoteso, B. A. (2010). Bullying behaviour, its’ associated factors and psychological effects among secondary students in Nigeria. Journal of International Social Research, 3(10), 498-509.

Rigby, K. (2011). Health consequences of bullying and its prevention. Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized, 310.

Rivara, F., & Le Menestrel, S. (2014). Committee on the Biological and Psychosocial Effects of Peer Victimization: Lessons for Bullying Prevention. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington (DC).

UNESCO. (2018). School violence and bullying: Global status and trends, drivers and consequences.

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Tharishini a/p Mana Mohan, Abu Yazid Abu Bakar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.